In September, the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions recommended downgrading the status of the Commissioner from “A” to “B”, in accordance with the Paris Principles, as the office had not engaged with or addressed all human rights issues in Hungary. Hungary took over the Presidency of the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers in May for six months. Informed by multiple linguistic and international traditions, and blending interdisciplinary artistic and critical expertise, these writers rank among the most acclaimed in Hungary today. Réka Mán-Várhegyi heads to the pitch with a woman https://helptune.xyz/2023/01/26/filipino-family/ who finds herself mysteriously turned into Lionel Messi. Zsuzsa Selyem channels the despair of a homeless prostitute ravaged by time and alcohol. And Krisztina Tóth plants the seeds of a classic cross-cultural (and cross-culinary) miscommunication. Television (41.9%), the internet (41.0%), and general practitioners or specialists (38.3%) were the three most common information sources among laywomen.
- According to the RCM, this program was highly promoted and claimed to be one of the most successful when it comes to Roma women.
- While across the nine countries, according to the 2019 FRA survey, 34 percent of Roma men were employed, only 16 percent of Roma women were.
- It should be noted that the Hungarian RCM itself could be improved in terms of gender sensitivity.
- The European Court of Human Rights ruled against Hungary’s placement of asylum seekers in transit zones and its practice of pushbacks.
When it comes to the employment situation of Roma women, the HNSIS put a special emphasis on providing equality programs and measures to close the gap between Roma women and the rest of the Hungarian population. Here too, it stressed that cultural factors can negatively affect the employment rates of Roma women. But it made no reference to any scientific literature on these cultural factors, a signal that this was a weak point in the strategy. The strategy seemingly did not intend to address how different factors, such as racism and mental and physical health, were intertwined with each other, which would be crucial for improving the Roma’s situation in Hungary. On the positive side, the strategy identified the necessity to invest in Roma women with young children and to support their reintegration into the labor market. For this, “integration support” would be provided by the state adult education institutions to those who participate in labor-market training courses.
Hungarian women dismayed at ‘tormenting’ abortion reform
A gender perspective or intersectional approach is completely missing from the rest of the objectives. While Roma women and girls are mentioned here and there in the strategic framework, there is a lack of discussion on how intersectionality and gender equality should be addressed in national strategies. The European Commission has attempted to highlight these issues, but how to address them is missing, which makes the new document quite weak when it comes to addressing the special needs of Roma women and girls. First, there was a lack of awareness and practical implementation of intersectionality in the strategy. Second, there was a strong tendency to blame Roma traditions and culture for the disadvantaged situation of Roma women and girls, which is very much linked to the anti-gypsyism in Hungarian society. Third, the evidence of homophobia, racism, and sexism in the HNSIS and its measure were serious concerns if the state wanted to improve the situation of Roma women and girls. It also set the horizontal objective of “reducing the educational and labor market disadvantages” of Roma and considered the needs of Roma women in most of the priority areas of the EU Framework for Roma Strategies.
“This is the first pro-life move since the regulation of abortion in 1956, breaking a decades-old taboo”, reacted Dora Duro, an MP for the far-right Our Homeland party, who said the government had followed his own proposal. In a statement on Monday, the Interior Ministry said that the legal obligation was meant to pass on “more comprehensive information for pregnant women”.
While describing the situation of Roma girls, the HNSIS made a strong connection between particular gendered roles within the Roma community and the quality of educational opportunities. It argued that gendered factors such as women taking care of the whole household, raising children, and being under pressure to marry are common in Roma culture and traditions.
This does not mean that the parents have no responsibility for their misbehavior and poor living conditions. However, the issue is much more complicated than that and one should not ignore the responsibility of the state and the systematic oppression Roma people face. Second, there was a strong tendency to blame Roma culture and traditions for problems that are more complex than this approach suggests. At several points, the HNSIS mentioned Roma culture as the source of the disadvantaged position of Roma women and girls. Such false assumptions with no scientific or scholarly support reinforce anti-gypsyism in Hungarian society and maintain systematic oppression that worsens the lives of Roma women and girls.
The reluctance of employers to provide flexible working arrangements, combined with the traditional https://www.noblejaya.com/men-women-and-gender-relations-in-georgia-public-perceptions-and-attitudes-united-nations-development-programme/ allocation of care duties within the family to women, exacerbated the negative impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on gender equality. Hungary adopted a homophobic and transphobic law in June 2021, banning access by those under 18 to material that promotes or portrays “divergence from self-identity corresponding to sex at birth … or homosexuality”. The new law violated the rights to freedom of expression, non-discrimination and education.1 The European Commission launched an infringement procedure against continue reading https://absolute-woman.com/european-women/hungarian-women/ Hungary in July.
First, there was a lack of awareness and practical implementation of intersectionality in it. The strategy pointed out several important issues that Roma girls and women face in Hungary, but discrimination based on race, sexuality, disability, or age were not taken into account—neither in discussing the situation of Roma women and girls, nor in the targeted measures. The second, larger program—Bari Shej (“Big Girl” in Romani) mostly targeted Roma girls living in disadvantaged areas. Its projects targeted Roma girls aged 10–18 from severely disadvantaged backgrounds who were at risk of dropping out from school for various reasons. The projects aimed to help young Roma girls through their difficulties by offering them various trainings on self-confidence, self-awareness, communication, learning strategies, and mentoring. To learn about it, the RCM interviewed several Roma girls in the town of Buják. According to the RCM, the girls could not openly talk about certain topics that are often treated as taboos in the Roma community, such as sexuality and family planning.
To improve the health condition of the population, the strategy aims to make health care more accessible to those who live in bad socioeconomic situations, including the Roma. These measures, which here too are a continuation of those in the first strategy, include prevention programs, improving the infrastructure of the hospitals, and public health screening tests. The new strategy also states that the vaccination of Roma girls against human papilloma virus is almost complete in Hungary, which is a major achievement. First, the HNSIS focused on improving the situation of Roma girls and women through developing an inclusive school environment that supports integrated education and that provides an education attempting to break segregation and disadvantages. It highlighted that early school-leaving is one of the main causes for low levels of education among Roma women.
Although knowledge was insufficient in almost all fields of the questionnaire, the most prominent gap was observed concerning risk factors and signs and symptoms of BC both in laywomen and, unexpectedly, screening attendees. These results urge breast health and BC knowledge interventions in Hungary. These objectives also include action points and refer to state institutions, which makes it even more detailed and concrete. The inclusion of these missing areas could make a real difference in improving the situation of Roma women and girls in Hungary, since most of the inequalities that affect them originate during decision-making processes. Therefore, while Hungary’s Roma strategy offers some “treatment” for few symptoms, it does not address the real causes of inequalities concerning Roma women and girls in the way the Phenjalipe document does. Some of the RCM’s reports contained analyses of how the first Hungarian integration strategy targeted and carried out measures regarding Roma women and girls—this could be expanded now. The new coalition for the RCM has already started its work to monitor the measures and results of the country’s new strategy.
From analyzing the problems faced by the community, they started to work on how existing instruments could be more effective and how the situation of the Roma could be improved through employment, education, health, cultural, youth, and social integration policies. Moreover, different non-discrimination and Roma-specific trainings were carried out for legal practitioners working at the European Commission.